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This page is a collaborative entry point for developer resources about developing and testing Jenkins to run on Java 11.

This page is not designed to receive status updates for user-facing issues. But you are more than welcome to check and report such issues so that they show on the dedicated Known Java 11 Compatibility issues wiki page. 

How to

Run Jenkins using Java 11

See the Java 11 Preview Availability announcement

Develop and test your plugin for running on Java 11

As a part of JEP-211, we request all plugins to remain compatible with Java 8 for now. But you may still need to run the tests with Java 11 so that you can verify the plugin's behavior. It is possible to pass "jvm" and extra Java properties to Maven Surefire plugin to just run tests, but it is easier to actually build & test plugins with JDK 11. Jenkins development tools have been updated to support that:

  1. For non-experimental releases you should always build the plugins with java.level=8 
  2. Use plugin-pom:3.29+ (changelog). Versions before 3.29 contain some updates to be able to build and test your plugins using JDK 11
  3. Plugins will be able to compile successfully with JDK 11 if and only if Jenkins Core version (jenkins.version) is above 2.138+
  4. You can update Jenkinsfile to run tests with Java 11. To workaround the Jenkins core requirement, a full configuration matrix may be used in buildPlugin():
    1. Example: Jenkinsfile in the Label Verifier Plugin

Some potential pitfalls to remember about:

  • The existing "mvn hpi:run" command will not work correctly on Java 11 unless Java modules are downloaded and passed to the environment ( JENKINS-54807 - Getting issue details... STATUS )
  • If you use Mockito/PowerMock in your plugin tests, you may need to update to the recent versions with Java 11 support 
    • JENKINS-55098 - Getting issue details... STATUS  tracks adding the versions to Plugin POM dependency management
  • In some cases FindBugs may crash in some cases ( JENKINS-53692 - Getting issue details... STATUS ), workarounds may be needed

See the "Known developer tools issues" for more known issues in Plugin POM and Jenkins plugins.

Release an experimental plugin version specifically for Java 11

Although we request all plugins to remain compatible with Java 8, in some cases it may be reasonable to release an experimental version for Java 11 early adopters.

In order to do that, we provide an Experimental Update Center for Java 11. Since Jenkins 2.155, if you run using Jenkins versions with Java 11 preview, Jenkins and Jenkins Docker plugins.txt installer (e.g. "workflow-support:experimental") will default to this experimental update center. It allows Java 11 early adopters to get patches without requiring deploying snapshots manually:

In order to do an experimental release for Java 11, all the following steps must be performed:

  • Develop the Java 11 code in a feature branch (e.g. "java11-support") so that it does not impact main release line
  • Add an "alpha" or "beta" marker to the version of your experimental plugin
  • Update to plugin-pom:3.29+ so your plugin embeds the new minimum version of Java requirement in its manifest
  • Set the plugin.minimumJavaVersion property in your pom.xml to 11 (see https://github.com/jenkinsci/plugin-pom/blob/master/CHANGELOG.md#329)

If if you forget about any of the bullets above, the update may impact Java 8 users. The long-term solution is already on its way, but is not delivered yet. Follow  JENKINS-55048 - Getting issue details... STATUS  if you are interested.

Run Plugin Compat Tester (aka PCT) using Java 11

Documented in the PCT repository: https://github.com/jenkinsci/plugin-compat-tester#running-pct-with-custom-java-versions

Run Acceptance Test Harness (aka ATH) using Java 11

Documented on the ATH repository: https://github.com/jenkinsci/acceptance-test-harness/blob/master/docs/JAVA11.md

Known developer tools issues

Please add known issues here. The preferred way is to create or find the associated JIRA in the Jenkins Issue Tracker, and add the "java11-devtools-compatibility". Then the issue  it will automatically show up in the list below.

If you cannot create a JIRA issue, please still feel free to add notes about your findings below.

(associated JIRA board for the following filter)

T Key Component/s Summary P Status released as
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